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Technically speaking, however, the term “Phoenician” would be problematic for the script of this Incised Jerusalem Pithos.

Note the following: (1) The Early Alphabetic Script could be written sinistrograde (right-to-left), dextrograde (left-to-right), boustrophedon (i.e., consecutive lines written from left-to-right then right-to-left, etc.), and in columns (i.e., vertically); (2) The stance of the letters in Early Alphabetic writing was not fixed.

Since this combination of letters has no meaning in known west-Semitic languages, the inscription’s meaning is unknown.” “The archaeologists suspect the inscription specifies the jar’s contents or the name of its owner.

Because the inscription is not in Hebrew, it is likely to have been written by one of the non-Israeli residents of Jerusalem, perhaps Jebusites, who were part of the city population in the time of Kings David and Solomon.” End of Citation of Press Reports II. The script of this inscription has been accurately described by my friend Shmuel Ahituv as “Proto-Canaanite.” Sometimes this script is referred to as Proto-Sinaitic (because of the prominence of the Serabit el-Hadm Inscriptions) and sometimes this script is referred to as Early Alphabetic.

The Decipherment of the New ‘Incised Jerusalem Pithos’ by Christopher Rollston I.

INTRODUCTION TO THE FIND: SYNOPSIS OF PRESS REPORTS During recent excavations in Jerusalem, Eilat Mazar of Hebrew University discovered a large pithos with incised linear alphabetic Northwest Semitic letters.

According to press reports, the discovery will be published “in a paper by Dr. Shmuel Ahituv of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, and Dr. Ben-Shlomo studied the composition of the ceramic materials.

David Ben-Shlomo of the Hebrew University, following their extensive research on the artifact. The paper, “An Inscribed Pithos From the Ophel,” appears in the Israel Exploration Journal 63/1 (2013).” “According to Prof.That is, the letters could “face” different ways and the letters could be written with dramatically different degrees of rotation, even within the same inscription; (3) Within the Early Alphabetic script, the number of consonsantal graphemes (“letters”) could be, and often was, higher than twenty-two graphemes.However, during the terminal horizons of the second millennium several developments occurred in linear alphabetic Northwest Semitic. O","com","en","322",0,[3,2,".40.","","1300102,3700062,3700310,3700489,3700521","196426110","0"],"40400","qb7_Ws2r F6uv6ASO_JGACw",0,0,"1k8kdkz8cfk3q. O","AA2Yr Tv Bj4a Muhwji R3t Xi SZBm Rusr Forg","AA2Yr Tu ZLWF5Z9mohltqi Verum D-ep Lt2A","",2,1,200,"USA",null,null,"269","322",0],null,0,["m;/_/scs/abc-static/_/js/k=en. O/m=__features__/rt=j/d=1/rs=AHp Ooo8apau HMW38EVl_z JQ-P1rw34TUnw","https://apis.google.com","","","","",null,1,"es_plusone_gc_20180425.0_p0","en"],["1","gci_91f30755d6a6b787dcc2a4062e6e9824.js","googleapis.client:plusone:gapi.iframes","","en"],null,null,null,[0.009999999776482582,"com","322",[null,"","w",null,1,5184000,1,0,"",0,1,"",0,0,null,0,0],null,"ld","gl","is","id","nb","nw","sb","sd","p","vd","awd","st","lod","eld","ip","dp","cpd","","","","","","","","","","mud","",""],["",null,[0,0,0,null,"","","",""],[1,0.001000000047497451,1],[1,0.1000000014901161,2,1],[0,"",null,"",0,"There was an error loading your Marketplace apps.","You have no Marketplace apps.",0,null,null,null,null,0,null,null,0],[1],[0,0,["lg"],0,["lat"]],"","","0",0,0,-1,null,null,null,[30,152,1,0,60],null,null,null,null,null,[1,0],null,[1,0.5,0,40400,322,"USA","en","196426110.0",1,0.001000000047497451,0,0],null,[""]]];(window['gbar']=window['gbar']||)._LDD=["bt","base","bn","bu","cp","el","lo","sbi","ni","sf","up","dd","aw","iw","if","gi","vi","pi","eq","uc","aswc"];/* _Global Prefix_ */ this.gbar_=this.gbar_||;(function(_){var window=this; /* _Module_:_r */ try:function();var Jc=function(a,b);_. ROLLSTON’S PALAEOGRAPHIC ASSESSMENT, READINGS, RENDERING A. I prefer the term Early Alphabetic, following my teacher, P. In any case, suffice it to say that I am in complete agreement with Ahituv.

||

David Ben-Shlomo of the Hebrew University, following their extensive research on the artifact. The paper, “An Inscribed Pithos From the Ophel,” appears in the Israel Exploration Journal 63/1 (2013).” “According to Prof.

That is, the letters could “face” different ways and the letters could be written with dramatically different degrees of rotation, even within the same inscription; (3) Within the Early Alphabetic script, the number of consonsantal graphemes (“letters”) could be, and often was, higher than twenty-two graphemes.

However, during the terminal horizons of the second millennium several developments occurred in linear alphabetic Northwest Semitic.

O","com","en","322",0,[3,2,".40.","","1300102,3700062,3700310,3700489,3700521","196426110","0"],"40400","qb7_Ws2r F6uv6ASO_JGACw",0,0,"1k8kdkz8cfk3q.

O","AA2Yr Tv Bj4a Muhwji R3t Xi SZBm Rusr Forg","AA2Yr Tu ZLWF5Z9mohltqi Verum D-ep Lt2A","",2,1,200,"USA",null,null,"269","322",0],null,0,["m;/_/scs/abc-static/_/js/k=en. O/m=__features__/rt=j/d=1/rs=AHp Ooo8apau HMW38EVl_z JQ-P1rw34TUnw","https://apis.google.com","","","","",null,1,"es_plusone_gc_20180425.0_p0","en"],["1","gci_91f30755d6a6b787dcc2a4062e6e9824.js","googleapis.client:plusone:gapi.iframes","","en"],null,null,null,[0.009999999776482582,"com","322",[null,"","w",null,1,5184000,1,0,"",0,1,"",0,0,null,0,0],null,"ld","gl","is","id","nb","nw","sb","sd","p","vd","awd","st","lod","eld","ip","dp","cpd","","","","","","","","","","mud","",""],["",null,0,null,null,["5061451","google\\.(com|ru|ca|by|kz|com\\.mx|com\\.tr)$",1]],null,[0,0,0,null,"","","",""],[1,0.001000000047497451,1],[1,0.1000000014901161,2,1],[0,"",null,"",0,"There was an error loading your Marketplace apps.","You have no Marketplace apps.",0,null,null,null,null,0,null,null,0],[1],[0,0,["lg"],0,["lat"]],"ld","gl","is","id","nb","nw","sb","sd","p","vd","awd","st","lod","eld","ip","dp","cpd","","","","","","","","","","mud","",""],["",null,null,null,[30,152,1,0,60],null,null,null,null,null,[1,0],null,[1,0.5,0,40400,322,"USA","en","196426110.0",1,0.001000000047497451,0,0],null,[""]]];(window['gbar']=window['gbar']||)._LDD=["bt","base","bn","bu","cp","el","lo","sbi","ni","sf","up","dd","aw","iw","if","gi","vi","pi","eq","uc","aswc"];/* _Global Prefix_ */ this.gbar_=this.gbar_||;(function(_){var window=this; /* _Module_:_r */ try:function();var Jc=function(a,b);_.

ROLLSTON’S PALAEOGRAPHIC ASSESSMENT, READINGS, RENDERING A. I prefer the term Early Alphabetic, following my teacher, P. In any case, suffice it to say that I am in complete agreement with Ahituv.

||

David Ben-Shlomo of the Hebrew University, following their extensive research on the artifact. The paper, “An Inscribed Pithos From the Ophel,” appears in the Israel Exploration Journal 63/1 (2013).” “According to Prof.

That is, the letters could “face” different ways and the letters could be written with dramatically different degrees of rotation, even within the same inscription; (3) Within the Early Alphabetic script, the number of consonsantal graphemes (“letters”) could be, and often was, higher than twenty-two graphemes.

However, during the terminal horizons of the second millennium several developments occurred in linear alphabetic Northwest Semitic.

O","com","en","322",0,[3,2,".40.","","1300102,3700062,3700310,3700489,3700521","196426110","0"],"40400","qb7_Ws2r F6uv6ASO_JGACw",0,0,"1k8kdkz8cfk3q.

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